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The YEP program is formed with the goal of building the expertise of young professionals in the automation field. Hey students, great news! Anda berminat dengan platform digital? Anda ingin membawa sebuah perubahan dalam nasib graduan Malaysia? Vai a. Sezioni di questa pagina. In diretta. Non ora. Sekian, terima kasih. We're a: - Civil engineering Pile Testing Company - looking toward providing digital products soon This paper reviews the scientific literature on air quality, SHS exposure, health effects and economic outcomes related to SHS and smoking restrictions in casinos , as well as on smoking prevalence among casino patrons and problem gamblers.

Peer reviewed studies published from January to March Evidence from air quality, biomarker and survey studies indicates that smoking in casinos is a significant public health problem. Workers and patrons in casinos that allow smoking are exposed to high levels of SHS, as documented by elevated levels of SHS constituents in the air of casinos and by elevated levels of tobacco-specific biomarkers in non-smokers' blood, urine and saliva.

Partial smoking restrictions in casinos do not effectively protect non-smokers from SHS. Findings suggest that the smoking prevalence of casino patrons is comparable with that of the general public, although this prevalence may be higher among problem gamblers. Few studies have examined the economic impact of smoke-free policies in casinos , and the results of these studies are mixed. Employees and patrons are exposed to SHS in casinos , posing a significant, preventable risk to their health.

Policies completely prohibiting smoking in casinos would be expected to greatly reduce or eliminate SHS exposure in casinos , thereby protecting the health of casino workers and patrons. Casino Rama hits the jackpot with energy-efficient lighting. A lighting retrofit program was conducted by Casino Rama in an effort to improve quality while reducing costs and environmental impacts.

With over 25, bulbs in use, the facility had a lot to gain by reducing energy costs. Toronto Hydro TH Energy Services evaluated the facility's current usage level and recommended ways to increase energy efficiency. The casino used mostly incandescent and fluorescent lights which provided adequate light, but which required a great deal of upkeep.

The operators wanted to relamp the lighting package that consumed the most electricity with high-efficiency lighting systems that would maintain a consistent look with that of the warm-glow provided by incandescent light bulbs. In order to benefit from energy savings, an efficient, non-invasive system was needed with minimal construction costs to retrofit the lighting system. TH Energy concluded that high-quality, longer-lasting lamps were required.

TCP Inc. The retrofit involved the replacement of more than 5, bulbs with over 4, CFLs being installed on the 3 massive canopies over the casino entrance. Long-life LED products lasting up to 50, hours were also used for the glass elevator shaft, which minimized maintenance costs. Cold-cathode lamps that last an average 25, hours were recommended for rapid cycle applications such as signage.

The relamping process was completed in 7 working days with minimal disruption to business activity. The relamping is reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 7 to 8 per cent, based. The relamping is reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 7 to 8. The money laundering control act and proposed amendments: Its impact on the casino industry. In their efforts to track unreported income, Congress passed the Money Laundering Control Act in However, because of the unique nature of cash and chip transactions within modern casinos , the Act, or state variants of it, have created significant compliance costs for casinos.

This analysis examines the implications of the Act for the casino gaming industry, and evaluates some of the recent suggested Amendments to the Act. Soil, groundwater cleanup takes the gamble out of casino operation. Colorado's rich stores of gold and silver sparked development of towns like Black Hawk and Central City in the s.

Today, these communities are the homes of limited-stakes gaming operations. However casino operators are discovering that having gold and silver underground in the form of tailings is not as desirable as collecting it aboveground in slot machines. A unique environmental engineering approach allowed construction of two new casinos and reclamation of the tailings, as well as cleanup of petroleum-saturated soils and groundwater. A treatment system was designed and constructed to treat groundwater at the Black Hawk site.

The most economical alternative for disposing treated groundwater was to discharge it into nearby North Clear Creek. An NPDES permit was obtained requiring treatment of the groundwater for petroleum, heavy metals and pH before discharging it.

Virtual addictions: An examination of problematic social casino game use among at-risk gamblers. The overlap of gaming and gambling activities within online digital technologies is of growing relevance to the study of technological addictions. Social casino games are immensely popular 'free to play' games that offer realistic emulation of financial gambling activities. Their structural similarities might suggest that engagement in social casino games may be particularly risky for people with existing gambling problems.

Currently it is not known whether social casino games are used problematically by individuals who also experience problematic gambling, the extent of this overlap, the characteristics of those who experience problems with both activities, and the symptoms of problematic social casino game use they experience.

This study examined a subsample of adults who played social casino games and reported self-identified gambling problems. The results indicated that a greater frequency and diversity of social casino game playing and more frequent and larger expenditure on social casino games was significantly positively associated with symptom severity of problematic social casino game use.

Gamblers who were younger, less educated, spoke a non-English language, and with higher psychological distress, were more likely to report greater problems. Playing social casino games to escape or relieve a negative mood was the most commonly reported symptom. These findings suggest that some problem gamblers may also be at risk of problematic engagement in online gambling activities that lack financial incentives. Gamblers' concurrent engagement in social casino games therefore warrants further consideration in gambling research studies and clinical practice settings.

Taivo Paju. Results indicate that CSAOs detected few changes in student behavior. Campuses close to casinos reported more dropouts and increases in student debt. A thematic analysis qualitative study was used to identify the unethical challenges encountered by Information Technology IT professionals working within the Nevada casino industry. Fourteen current and former IT leaders working or who worked in the Nevada casino industry were interviewed.

Using thematic analysis, nine themes regarding ethical…. Measurement of fine particles and smoking activity in a statewide survey of 36 California Indian casinos. Despite California's statewide smoking ban, exposure to secondhand smoke SHS continues in California's Indian casinos. Few data are available on exposure to airborne fine particles PM2. We sought to measure PM2.

For each casino , the physical dimensions and the number of patrons and smokers were estimated. As a preliminary assessment of representativeness, we also measured eight casinos in Reno, NV. The average PM2. Elevated PM2. Average PM2. The purpose of this paper is to investigate three different types of gamblers which we label "non-problem", "some problem", and "probable pathological gamblers" to determine differences in involvement and motivation, as well as differences in demographic and behavioral variables.

The analysis takes advantage of a unique opportunity to sample on-site at a major casino in South Korea, and the resulting purposive sample yielded completed questionnaires in each of the three groups, for a total number of Factor analysis, analysis of variance ANOVA and Duncan tests, and Chi-square tests are employed to analyze the data collected from the survey. The "probable pathological" and "some problem" gamblers were found to have similar degrees of involvement, and higher degrees of involvement than the non-problem gamblers.

The tests also reveal that motivational factors of escape, socialization, winning, and exploring scenery were significantly different among these three types of gamblers. When looking at motivations to visit the casino , "probable pathological" gamblers were more likely to seek winning, the "some problem" group appeared to be more likely to seek escape, and the "non-problem" gamblers indicate that their motivations to visit centered around explorations of scenery and culture in the surrounding casino area.

The tools for exploring motivations and involvements of gambling provide valuable and discerning information about the entire spectrum of gamblers. Objective The purpose of this paper is to investigate three different types of gamblers which we label "non-problem", "some problem", and "probable pathological gamblers" to determine differences in involvement and motivation, as well as differences in demographic and behavioral variables. Methods The analysis takes advantage of a unique opportunity to sample on-site at a major casino in South Korea, and the resulting purposive sample yielded completed questionnaires in each of the three groups, for a total number of Conclusion The tools for exploring motivations and involvements of gambling provide valuable and discerning information about the entire spectrum of gamblers.

Market niche analysis in the casino gaming industry. This article discusses the nature of market niche analysis in the casino gaming industry. It presents four approaches for conducting market niche analysis. A detailed examination of the premium niche profile provides a description of the typical premium slot player. The description of the typical premium player leads to hypotheses regarding needs the unique preference set of the premium player.

An analysis of the unique preference set suggests an appropriate enhanced marketing program. A longitudinal study: casino gambling attitudes, motivations, and gambling patterns among urban elders. Guided by self-determination theory, the main purpose of this study was to explore demographic characteristics, attitudes toward casinos , and self-reported intrinsic and extrinsic reasons for casino gambling by urban elders. The study hypothesized that individuals would more frequently report intrinsic motivations for casino gambling e.

The initial survey consisted of a demographic items, b five items to measure attitudes toward casino gambling, c questions inquiring about motivations for casino gambling, and d questions about gambling frequency. The follow-up survey was an expanded questionnaire which still included these items. The sample consisted of the participants, over of whom were African-Americans, were female, and 98 of the participants had a post graduate education.

About half were widowed, and the sample generally reported a low income. The results supported the theoretical perspective underlying the project. The hypothesis that more participants would endorse intrinsic motivations for casino gambling rather than extrinsic motivations was supported. The implications of these findings represent for social workers, gambling counselors and health care services providers an important step toward understanding the attitudes, behaviors, and motivational factors involved in casino gambling among older adults.

This study examined gambling behavior in the context of a newly opening casino , comparing disordered gamblers to non-disordered gamblers, in a population of individuals involved in methadone maintenance treatment. No statistically significant changes in gambling behaviors were observed for disordered gamblers or non-disordered gamblers across time points; however, non-disordered gamblers demonstrated non-significant increases in horse and dog race betting, electronic games, and casino table games.

Future investigation into the longer term effects of opening a new casino on this population may be warranted. As older adults continue to make up a greater proportion of the Canadian population, it becomes more important to understand the implications that their leisure activities have for their physical and mental health.

Gambling, in particular, is a form of leisure that is becoming more widely available and has important implications for the mental health and financial well-being of older adults. This study examines a large sample of casino -going Ontarian adults over the age of 55 and identifies those features of their gambling participation that are associated with problem gambling.

Logistic regression analysis is used to analyze the data. Focusing on types of gambling participated in and motivations for visiting the casino , this study finds that several forms of gambling and motivations to gamble are associated with greater risk of problem gambling.

It also finds that some motivations are associated with lower risk of problem gambling. The findings of this study have implications related to gambling availability within an aging population. Evaluating the economic impact of casino liberalization in Macao. This paper aims to evaluate the economic impact after Macao decided to liberalize its gaming industry. By analysing both objective data of official statistics and subjective data of the perceptions of quality of life, we painted a picture of mixed blessings.

Although objective indicators showed strong economic growth in terms of a rise in per capita GDP and public revenue as well as a decline in unemployment rate, subjective indicators revealed that local residents were less than optimistic about their own employment outlook and did not perceive any improvement in their overall economic situation.

While casino liberalization brought forth tremendous economic gain, the general population did not subjectively feel the benefits. An integrative analysis of both objective and subjective indicators would therefore allow us to look closer how residents' lives in the micro-level could have been adversely affected by the prosperous economic outlook at the macro-level.

Ever since its rebirth during Yugoslav times in the s, casino tourism has contributed significantly to the development of the area. Until recently, casino tourism has been one of the most important forms of tourism in addition to 3S and congress tourism. The purpose of this paper is to determine the contribution of casino tourism to the regional development of the Slovene Istria. To this end, selected socioeconomic indicators were examined and compared with the average indicator rates of regional development at the national level.

The results show that casino tourism is an important factor of regional development. Attitudes towards second hand smoke amongst a highly exposed workforce: survey of London casino workers. To examine knowledge, attitudes and experiences of London casino workers regarding exposure to second hand smoke SHS in the workplace.

Fifty-seven per cent believe their health has suffered as a result of SHS. The majority of responders are bothered by SHS, and many are concerned about the health impacts. Most want all working areas in their casino to be smoke-free. Despite difficulties in generalizing from this limited sample, these findings add weight to the argument that the legislation on smoking in public places in England should encompass all workplaces, without exemption. Effect of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions and revenue.

As part of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act, smoking on the gambling floors of all commercial casinos in Illinois became prohibited. This study examined the effects of the Smoke-Free Illinois Act on casino admissions per-capita and real per-capita adjusted gross receipts using 18 years of data 10 years before and 8 years after the Illinois law went into effect. We employed a difference-in-difference regression technique using monthly data for the states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa and Missouri and control for numerous determinants expected to affect casino admissions and revenue.

The Smoke-free Illinois Act was found not to be a statistically significant determinant of per-capita casino admissions and of real per-capita gross adjusted receipts in all the models we estimated. The estimates from this study clearly indicated that the Illinois law that banned smoking in casinos has had no significant negative economic consequences for casinos in terms of per-capita admissions or revenues.

No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted. Effect of casino -related sound, red light and pairs on decision-making during the Iowa gambling task. Casino venues are often characterized by "warm" colors, reward-related sounds, and the presence of others. These factors have always been identified as a key factor in energizing gambling.

However, few empirical studies have examined their impact on gambling behaviors. Here, we aimed to explore the impact of combined red light and casino -related sounds, with or without the presence of another participant, on gambling-related behaviors.

Eighty non-gamblers participants took part in one of four experimental conditions 20 participants in each condition ; 1 IGT without casino -related sound and under normal white light control , 2 IGT with combined casino -related sound and red light casino alone , 3 IGT with combined casino -related sound, red light and in front of another participant casino competition-implicit , and 4 IGT with combined casino -related sound, red light and against another participant casino competition-explicit.

Results showed that, in contrast to the control condition, participants in the three " casino " conditions did not exhibit slower deck selection reaction time after losses than after rewards. Moreover, participants in the two "competition" conditions displayed lowered deck selection reaction time after losses and rewards, as compared with the control and the " casino alone" conditions.

These findings suggest that casino environment may diminish the time used for reflecting and thinking before acting after losses. These findings are discussed along with the methodological limitations, potential directions for future studies, as well as implications to enhance prevention strategies of abnormal gambling.

How important is a casino to a community and how important is a community to a casino : an empirical basis for cooperative marketing between casinos and community tourism promotion agencies. Cities, towns and communities have developed casinos for several reasons. The first of which is to: attract more tourists, remain competitive with other destinations and more fully utilize the existing tourism infrastructure; the second is to keep local money inside the local economy by giving residents the opportunity to gamble at home.

Although several states have Association between casino opening or expansion and risk of childhood overweight and obesity. Few studies have evaluated whether this association is a direct effect of economic resources or is attributable to unmeasured confounding or reverse causation. We used repeated cross-sectional anthropometric measurements from fitness testing of American Indian children aged years from school districts that encompassed tribal lands in California between and Children in school districts encompassing American Indian tribal lands that either gained or expanded a casino were compared with children in districts with tribal lands that did not gain or expand a casino.

Of the school districts, 57 gained or expanded a casino , 24 had a preexisting casino but did not expand, and 36 never had a casino. From the mouths of social media users: A focus group study exploring the social casino gaming-online gambling link. Background and aims The potential link between social casino gaming and online gambling has raised considerable concerns among clinicians, researchers and policy makers.

Unfortunately, however, there is a paucity of research examining this potential link, especially among young adults. This represents a significant gap given young adults are frequently exposed to and are players of social casino games. Results Many participants spontaneously mentioned that social casino games were a great opportunity to build gambling skills before playing for real money.

Importantly, some participants expressed a belief that there is a direct progression from social casino gaming to online gambling. Conversely, others believed the transition to online gambling depended on a person's personality, rather than mere exposure to social casino games.

While many young adults in our focus groups felt immune to the effects of social casino games, there was a general consensus that social casino games may facilitate the transition to online gambling among younger teenagers i. Discussion The results of the present research point to the need for more study on the effects of social casino gambling as well as a discussion concerning regulation of social casino games in order to minimize their potential risks.

From the mouths of social media users: A focus group study exploring the social casino gaming—online gambling link. If human resources managers and general management want happier casino employees in the workplace, they should focus on their personality types and make more leisure activities available to them; which will result in a happier workforce.

Research design, approach and method: The target population consisted of casino employees, who received the questionnaires and were given the opportunity to complete the questionnaires anonymously. An availability sampling technique was used, based on the number of casino employees who were willing and available to complete the questionnaires.

In this study, the standardised regression weights showed that if an individual has a negative personality, he or she will not necessarily be unhappy. A positive relationship was found between positive personality traits such as cooperativeness and agreeableness and leisure life and happiness. Considering mediation effects, leisure preference was the greatest partial mediator.

Frequency of gambling problems among parents of pathological, versus nonpathological, casino gamblers using slot machines. Familial and twin studies suggest the implication of a genetic factor in pathological gambling, but mainly assess probands through treatment settings or advertisements. The question raised here is: are parents of casino pathological gamblers using slot machines more affected with pathological gambling than nonpathological gamblers, all interviewed on site at the same casino?

Three hundred and fifty-five casino gamblers on slot machines, which included 96 pathological gamblers, problem gamblers, and nonproblem gamblers, were recruited in situ at the largest casino in the Paris suburbs. We evaluated pathological gambling and two addictive disorders alcohol dependence and tobacco consumption in the gamblers and their parents through the proband.

Familial aggregation of pathological gambling was confirmed, with a risk of 3. No familial co-aggregation of pathological gambling with alcohol or tobacco dependence was observed. Pathological gambling is found in excess in the parents of pathological casino gamblers, in accordance with previous aggregation studies devoted to other types of gambling, and with studies recruiting gamblers in different settings.

Diffusion of an economic development policy innovation: explaining the international spread of casino gambling. This study uses an event history analysis to examine the factors that lead to the adoption of casino gambling among 13 nations around the world. Specifically, measures of fiscal stress, economic development, tourism, religiosity, and income levels are tested for their relationship to national decisions to legalize casino gambling.

This study found that economic development needs, as measured by general unemployment rates, were associated with the casino legalization decisions of national governments. Higher unemployment rates were more likely in the years that nations legalized casino gambling.

Religiosity, measured by frequency of church attendance, was also found to be a significant barrier in legalization decisions. Measures of fiscal stress, tourism, and income levels were not found to have significant relationships with the legalization decisions. This is interesting because these factors are often cited in case studies, media reports, and the statements of politicians during legalization processes.

This study points to the need for further research in several areas. Further exploration of potential explanatory variables and more appropriate measures of currently theorized factors is warranted. Another area for further research is the seeming contradictory findings of multiple statistical analyses and multiple anecdotal findings of the impacts of fiscal stress on the casino legalization decision.

Most recent input coding schemes in visual-word recognition assume that letter position coding is orthographic rather than phonological in nature e. This assumption has been drawn - in part - by the fact that the transposed-letter effect e. To reexamine this issue, we conducted a masked priming lexical decision experiment in which we compared the priming effect for transposed-letter pairs e. Results showed a transposed-letter priming effect for the correctly spelled pairs, but not for the pseudohomophone pairs.

This is consistent with the view that letter position coding is primarily orthographic in nature. Extremely frequent behavior in consumer research: theory and empirical evidence for chronic casino gambling. Understanding the differences light, heavy, and extreme users and non-users can help marketers and policymakers identify and exploit "blue ocean" opportunities Kim and Mauborgne, Blue ocean strategy, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, , for example, creating effective strategies to convert extreme users into non-users or non-users into new users.

Gambles in casinos are usually set up so that the casino makes a profit in expectation -- as long as gamblers play honestly. How should the casino address this? A common strategy is to selectively kick gamblers out, possibly Besides being potentially useful to casinos , we imagine that similar Cognitive bias is prevalent among gamblers, especially those with gambling problems.

Grounded in the heuristics theories, this study contributes to the literature by examining a cognitive bias triggered by the break streak pattern in the casino setting. We postulate that gamblers tend to bet on the latest outcome when there is a break-streak pattern.

Moreover, three determinants of the betting decision under break-streak pattern, including the streak length of the alternative outcome, the frequency of the latest outcome, and gender, were identified and examined in this study. A non-participatory observational study was conducted among the Cussec gamblers in a casino in Macao. An analysis of bets confirms our postulation, particularly when the streak of the alternative outcome is long, the latest outcome is frequent, and the gamblers are females.

The findings provide meaningful implications for casino management and public policymakers regarding the minimization of gambling harm. Policies on smoking in the casino workplace and their impact on smoking behavior among employees: Case study of casino workers in Macao. Chan, S. Exposure to second hand smoke SHS is a major health concern, contributing to a range of adverse health effects.

Workers in the hospitality industry are often exposed to increased levels of SHS in the workplace, and casino workers in particular have been shown to be exposed to high levels of SHS. During the past decade, authorities worldwide have introduced smoke-free legislation in enclosed public places, primarily to protect workers from the harmful effects of SHS. Importantly, implementat Continuous weeklong measurements of indoor particle levels in a Minnesota Tribal Casino Resort.

Secondhand smoke SHS exposure for workers and patrons in hospitality venues is a persistent and significant public health concern. Real-time fine particulate matter PM2. The field monitoring provided information on the day of week and time of day variation of SHS exposure, as well as comparisons between smoking and non-smoking areas.

Indoor PM2. Gaming floor hourly PM2. Highest PM2. The results show that indoor concentration of PM2. SHS can migrate into adjacent non-smoking areas very quickly. The casino 's ventilation system did not fully eliminate SHS. A completely smoke-free casino would be the only way to fully protect non-smoking patrons and employees from the dangers of tobacco smoke.

This essay powerfully describes the rise of a neoliberal or " casino capitalism" as a punishing state that has been largely ignored by the mainstream media but is actively resisted by young people around the world. I highlight the pervasive use of violence and the celebration of war-like values that are no longer restricted to a….

The section yields a good to excellent cyclostratigraphy. Most of the victims were elderly white retired men who had previously diagnosed medical conditions. Many of the victims' underlying medical problems are of a type known to be associated with compulsive gambling. The majority of deaths occurred during the afternoon hours on weekends in October, January, and May.

We speculate that the stress of gambling activities may induce sudden cardiac death. We therefore recommend that communities planning to legalize casino gambling mandate that gambling establishments provide emergency health care services for their patrons. Strategically, every organization follows a specific systematic plan of action to control the service recovery procedures, namely organizational responses.

Organizational responses vary due to different approaches and opinions; however, six responses are usually referenced in the literature: timeliness, redress, facilitation, credibility, attentiveness and apology. Why do young adults gamble online? A qualitative study of motivations to transition from social casino games to online gambling.

The present research examined the mechanisms of initiating online gambling among young adults. Of particular interest was whether social casino gaming was noted as part of young adults' experience with online gambling. This is because there is growing concern that social casino gaming may be a 'gateway' to online gambling. Participants noted the role of peer influence as well as incentives e. Participants also noted a link between social casino games and online gambling. Specifically, several young adults reported migrating to online gambling within a relatively short period after engaging with social casino games.

Potential mechanisms that may lead to the migration from social casino games to online gambling included the role of advertisements and the inflated pay out rates on these free to play gambling like games. The results suggest initiatives to prevent the development of disordered gambling should understand the potential of social casino gaming to act as a gateway to online gambling, especially amongst this vulnerable population.

A prospective study of the impact of opening a casino on gambling behaviours: 2- and 4-year follow-ups. It is widely believed that the rate of pathological gambling is related to the accessibility and availability of gambling activities. Few empirical studies have yet been conducted to evaluate this hypothesis.

OFF-TRACK BETTING CORPORATION

You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Incisive market analysis into the year ahead - Your Outlook is now online. Get started by reading: End of the Brexit transition period and Market implications of C19 vaccines. City Index May 20, PM. The calendar is published to help you to identify which major UK, EU and US companies — including those listed on the FTSE and Dow indexes — are scheduled to make important trading announcements this week.

Quarterly results, trading announcements, AGMs and more. Updated every Friday. This material, whether or not it states any opinions, is for general information purposes only and it does not take into account your personal circumstances or objectives. This material has been prepared using the thoughts and opinions of the author and these may change. However, City Index does not plan to provide further updates to any material once published and it is not under any obligation to keep this material up to date.

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Moreover, three determinants of the betting decision under break-streak pattern, including the streak length of the alternative outcome, the frequency of the latest outcome, and gender, were identified and examined in this study.

A non-participatory observational study was conducted among the Cussec gamblers in a casino in Macao. An analysis of bets confirms our postulation, particularly when the streak of the alternative outcome is long, the latest outcome is frequent, and the gamblers are females. The findings provide meaningful implications for casino management and public policymakers regarding the minimization of gambling harm. Policies on smoking in the casino workplace and their impact on smoking behavior among employees: Case study of casino workers in Macao.

Chan, S. Exposure to second hand smoke SHS is a major health concern, contributing to a range of adverse health effects. Workers in the hospitality industry are often exposed to increased levels of SHS in the workplace, and casino workers in particular have been shown to be exposed to high levels of SHS.

During the past decade, authorities worldwide have introduced smoke-free legislation in enclosed public places, primarily to protect workers from the harmful effects of SHS. Importantly, implementat Continuous weeklong measurements of indoor particle levels in a Minnesota Tribal Casino Resort. Secondhand smoke SHS exposure for workers and patrons in hospitality venues is a persistent and significant public health concern. Real-time fine particulate matter PM2.

The field monitoring provided information on the day of week and time of day variation of SHS exposure, as well as comparisons between smoking and non-smoking areas. Indoor PM2. Gaming floor hourly PM2. Highest PM2.

The results show that indoor concentration of PM2. SHS can migrate into adjacent non-smoking areas very quickly. The casino 's ventilation system did not fully eliminate SHS. A completely smoke-free casino would be the only way to fully protect non-smoking patrons and employees from the dangers of tobacco smoke.

This essay powerfully describes the rise of a neoliberal or " casino capitalism" as a punishing state that has been largely ignored by the mainstream media but is actively resisted by young people around the world. I highlight the pervasive use of violence and the celebration of war-like values that are no longer restricted to a….

The section yields a good to excellent cyclostratigraphy. Most of the victims were elderly white retired men who had previously diagnosed medical conditions. Many of the victims' underlying medical problems are of a type known to be associated with compulsive gambling.

The majority of deaths occurred during the afternoon hours on weekends in October, January, and May. We speculate that the stress of gambling activities may induce sudden cardiac death. We therefore recommend that communities planning to legalize casino gambling mandate that gambling establishments provide emergency health care services for their patrons. Strategically, every organization follows a specific systematic plan of action to control the service recovery procedures, namely organizational responses.

Organizational responses vary due to different approaches and opinions; however, six responses are usually referenced in the literature: timeliness, redress, facilitation, credibility, attentiveness and apology. Why do young adults gamble online? A qualitative study of motivations to transition from social casino games to online gambling. The present research examined the mechanisms of initiating online gambling among young adults.

Of particular interest was whether social casino gaming was noted as part of young adults' experience with online gambling. This is because there is growing concern that social casino gaming may be a 'gateway' to online gambling.

Participants noted the role of peer influence as well as incentives e. Participants also noted a link between social casino games and online gambling. Specifically, several young adults reported migrating to online gambling within a relatively short period after engaging with social casino games. Potential mechanisms that may lead to the migration from social casino games to online gambling included the role of advertisements and the inflated pay out rates on these free to play gambling like games.

The results suggest initiatives to prevent the development of disordered gambling should understand the potential of social casino gaming to act as a gateway to online gambling, especially amongst this vulnerable population. A prospective study of the impact of opening a casino on gambling behaviours: 2- and 4-year follow-ups. It is widely believed that the rate of pathological gambling is related to the accessibility and availability of gambling activities.

Few empirical studies have yet been conducted to evaluate this hypothesis. Using a longitudinal prospective design, the current study evaluates the impact of a casino in Canada's Hull, Quebec region. A random sample of respondents from Hull experimental group and from Quebec City comparison group completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen SOGS and gambling- related questions before the opening of the Hull Casino pretest , 1 year after the opening posttest , and on follow-up at Years 2 and 4.

Although, 1 year after the opening of the casino , we did observe an increase in playing casino games and in the maximum amount of money lost in 1 day's gambling, this trend was not maintained over time 2- and 4-year follow-ups. In the Hull cohort, the rate of at-risk and probable pathological gamblers and the number of criteria on the SOGS did not increase at the 2- and 4-year follow-ups. The residents' reluctance to open a local casino was generally stable over time following the casino 's opening.

The discussion raises different explanatory factors and focuses on the context of the Regional Exposure Model as a potentially more applicable measure of studying the expansion of gambling. Full Text Available Abstract The present research examined the mechanisms of initiating online gambling among young adults. Urban elders and casino gambling: Are they at risk of a gambling problem?

This study examined gambling among older adults and explored the critical predictors of problem gambling behaviors. Relatively unknown and understudied is the extent, or prevalence, of problem gambling behaviors among urban elders and the factors associated with problem gambling. The sample consisted of randomly selected participants, aged 60 and older, who reside in the City of Detroit. Mental health, health, demographics, social activities, senior optimism, social support network, and frequency of casino visits were examined in order to predict problem gambling behaviors among elders.

The results showed that the prevalence of problem gambling behaviors was The findings from this study confirmed that gambling has the potential to become a serious health problem among elders. Gavarni at the casino : reflections of class and gender in the visual culture of Drawing on cultural history and opposing the idea that British visual culture in has nothing interesting to say about class, politics, and revolution, this article examines a depiction of the London dance-hall Laurent's Casino by Guillaume-Sulpice Chevalier, better known as Paul Gavarni, made to accompany as essay by Albert Smith for the collaborative work "Gavarni in London" The image appeared against the backdrop of revolutions abroad, and just weeks after rioting in Trafalgar Square.

Reconstructing the location of the casino , the history of the venue, the entertainments enjoyed there, and description of its patrons - the gent and his female counterpart - reveals the dynamic performance of class enacted there, and contemporary reactions to that performance. A Casino goes smoke free: a longitudinal study of secondhand and thirdhand smoke pollution and exposure.

Secondhand smoke SHS in US casinos is common, but little is known about the residue of tobacco smoke pollutants left behind in dust and on surfaces, commonly referred to as thirdhand smoke THS. A casino was visited nine times over a month period to collect dust, surface and air samples in eight locations. Finger wipe and urine samples were collected from non-smoking confederates before and after a 4-hour casino visit.

Exceptionally high levels of THS were found in dust and on surfaces. Although the smoking ban led to immediate improvements in air quality, surface nicotine levels were unchanged and remained very high for the first month of the smoking ban. However, THS reservoirs contribute to continued low-level exposure to toxicants. To accelerate the effect of smoking bans, remediation efforts should address specific THS reservoirs, which may require intensive cleaning as well as replacement of carpets, furniture and building materials.

Casino gambling among older adults in North Dakota: a policy analysis. This article examined social issues surrounding casino gambling among older adults both nationally and in the state of North Dakota. An exploratory review of gambling trends among older adults and an examination of policies to protect older gamblers revealed that older adults are targeted by the gaming industry as a lucrative market Singh et al.

J Retail Leisure Property , 6 1 The authors used the national literature to frame their qualitative study, which explored gambling issues among older adults in North Dakota from the perspective of six counselors trained in gambling addiction who provide treatment services in the state. Findings indicated that relatively few policies existed at the state and national levels to protect older, more vulnerable adults who gamble.

Further, the six casinos in North Dakota were viewed as very effective in marketing their casino gaming opportunities to older citizens by the gambling treatment providers interviewed. Additionally, barriers to gambling addiction treatment involved lack of available services and distance to receive services in this rural state.

Based on the findings of this study, social policy changes which could lead to increased protection for older adult gamblers in the state were included. The income and health effects of tribal casino gaming on American Indians. The legalization of American Indian casino gaming in the late s allows examination of the relationship between income and health in a quasi-experimental way. Revenue from gaming accrues to individual tribes and has been used both to supplement tribe members' income and to finance tribal infrastructure.

We assembled annual data from on tribal gaming, health care access from the Area Resource File , and individual health and socioeconomic characteristics data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System. We use this information within a structural, difference-in-differences framework to study the effect of casino gaming on tribal members' income, health status, access to health care, and health-related behaviors.

Our difference-in-differences framework relies on before-after comparisons among American Indians whose tribe has at some time operated a casino and with-without comparisons between American Indians whose tribe has and those whose tribe has not initiated gaming. Our results provide identified estimates of the positive effect of gaming on American Indian income and on several indicators of American Indian health, health-related behaviors, and access to health care. Birthday and birthmate problems: misconceptions of probability among psychology undergraduates and casino visitors and personnel.

Subjective estimates and associated confidence ratings for the solutions of some classic occupancy problems were studied in samples of psychology undergraduates, 39 casino visitors, and 34 casino employees. On tasks varying the classic birthday problem, i. Respondents did notedly better on tasks varying the birthmate problem, i. Psychology students and women did better on both task types, but were less confident about their estimates than casino visitors or per sonnel and men.

Several further person variables, such as indicators of topical knowledge and familiarity, were associated with better and more confident performance on birthday problems, but not on birthmate problems. Likewise, higher confidence ratings were related to subjective estimates that were closer to the solutions of birthday problems, but not of birthmate problems.

Implications of and possible explanations for these findings, study limitations, directions for further inquiry, and the real-world relevance of ameliorating misconceptions of probability are discussed. The correlations of work conditions with unhealthy lifestyles and occupational health problems of casino croupiers in Macau.

The Macau economy and employment of residents rely heavily on the gaming industry. It is important that the working conditions in casinos are not harmful to the health of the casino employees. This study examines the correlations between work conditions, unhealthy lifestyles and occupational health problems amongst casino croupiers in Macau.

Its findings will provide casino managers and policy makers with evidence and awareness of the workplace health risks for the casino workers. Work conditions were measured by worker satisfaction towards the biological, chemical and physical elements in their work environments.

Unhealthy lifestyles were measured by practices of excessive drinking, smoking, electronic game playing and addictive substance use as well as gambling. Occupational health problems were measured by experiences of work related illnesses or symptoms. Results showed that high percentages of respondents were dissatisfied with the work conditions. On average each croupier experienced 10 work related health problems in the past 7 days. Health impacts of exposure to second hand smoke SHS amongst a highly exposed workforce: survey of London casino workers.

Casino workers are exposed to high levels of secondhand smoke SHS at work, yet remain at risk of being excluded from smoke-free legislation around the world. If the prime motivation for smoke-free legislation is the protection of workers, then a workforce experiencing ill-health associated with SHS exposure should not be excluded from legislation. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of respiratory and sensory irritation symptoms among a sample of casino workers, to identify any association between the reporting of symptoms and exposure to SHS at work, and to compare the prevalence of symptoms with that in other workers exposed to SHS.

A postal questionnaire survey of casino workers in London. Using multivariate analysis we identified predictors of respiratory and sensory irritation symptoms. The presence of one or more sensory irritation symptoms was most strongly associated with reporting the highest exposure to SHS at work OR 3. This was also true for reporting the presence of one or more respiratory irritation symptoms OR 2.

Prevalence of irritation symptoms in the casino workers was in general appreciably higher than that reported in studies of bar workers. Our research supports the need for comprehensive smoke-free legislation around the world, covering all indoor workplaces including casinos. Full Text Available Abstract Background Casino workers are exposed to high levels of secondhand smoke SHS at work, yet remain at risk of being excluded from smoke-free legislation around the world.

Methods A postal questionnaire survey of casino workers in London. Conclusion Our research supports the need for comprehensive smoke-free legislation around the world, covering all indoor workplaces including casinos. Over the last few years playing social casino games has become a popular entertainment activity. Social casino games are offered via social media platforms and mobile apps and resemble gambling activities. However, social casino games are not classified as gambling as they can be played for free, outcomes may not be determined by chance, and players receive no monetary payouts.

Social casino games appear to be somewhat similar to online gambling activities in terms of their visual and auditory features, but to date little research has investigated the cross over between these games. This study examines the auditory features of slot-themed social casino games and online slot machine games using a case study design.

An example of each game type was played on three separate occasions during which, the auditory features i. The online slot-themed game was played in demo mode. This is the first study to provide a qualitative account of the role of auditory features within a slot-themed social casino game and an online slot machine game. Our results found many similarities between how sound is utilised within the two games.

Therefore the sounds within these games may serve functions including: setting the scene for gaming, creating an image, demarcating space, interacting with visual features, prompting players to act, communicating achievements to players, providing reinforcement, heightening player emotions and the gaming experience. As a result this may reduce the ability of players to make a clear distinction between these two activities, which may facilitate migration between games.

Casino exclusion programs are intended to prevent or limit gambling-related harm. Although previous research showed that self-exclusion is associated with reduced gambling, it remains unknown whether self- and forced excluded subjects show different patterns of gambling behavior and if exclusion from casino gambling affects all gambling activities. The present study retrospectively investigated 1 the role of voluntariness of exclusion for the first time, and 2 general gambling behavior of excluded individuals before and after exclusion.

Self- and forced excluders showed similar rates of abstinence self-excluders: Overall, results indicated that Those who continued gambling significantly reduced this behavior in every segment, except for gambling halls. Findings indicate that self- and forced exclusion are associated with similarly reduced gambling behavior, even in non-excluded segments.

However, unchanged gambling in gambling halls emphasizes the importance to implement consistent exclusion programs over all gambling segments. Full Text Available Abstract Background Secondhand smoke SHS exposure for workers and patrons in hospitality venues is a persistent and significant public health concern. Methods Real-time fine particulate matter PM2. Results Indoor PM2. Conclusions The results show that indoor concentration of PM2. Social casino gaming and adolescents: Should we be concerned and is regulation in sight?

While gambling has traditionally been viewed as an adult activity, there is a growing body of research that a significant number of adolescents are not only gambling but are experiencing gambling related problems. As ease of access via Internet wagering has increased, so too have some of the concomitant problems.

Social casino gambling, often thought of gambling without risking one's money through the use of virtual currency, has become increasingly popular. The current review examines whether we should be concerned over its widespread use and whether such social games should be regulated.

Source ventilation in the restaurant and in both large-scale catering establishments of the casino in Bern. Quellueftung im Restaurant und in den beiden Grosskuechen des Casino Bern. Source ventilation in the area of person concentrations has remarkable advantages: natural and economic, fresh air directly for the consumer, no draft phenomena, optimum dissipation of charge such as heat, smoke, etc.

Structure and mode of function as well as the advantages of the system are shown by means of the casino in Bern. A comparison of ambient casino sound and music: effects on dissociation and on perceptions of elapsed time while playing slot machines. This research examined the effects of a casino 's auditory character on estimates of elapsed time while gambling. More specifically, this study varied whether the sound heard while gambling was ambient casino sound alone or ambient casino sound accompanied by music.

The tempo and volume of both the music and ambient sound were varied to manipulate temporal engagement and introspection. The findings showed that the typical ambient casino auditive environment, which characterizes the majority of gaming venues, promotes understated estimates of elapsed duration of play. In contrast, when music is introduced into the ambient casino environment, it appears to provide a cue of interval from which players can more accurately reconstruct elapsed duration of play.

This is particularly the case when the tempo of the music is slow and the volume is high. Moreover, the confidence with which time estimates are held as reflected by latency of response is higher in an auditive environment with music than in an environment that is comprised of ambient casino sounds alone. The negative psychological effects of public stigma on disordered gamblers have been well documented.

Public stigma deters treatment-seeking and other help-seeking behaviors, and negatively impacts individuals' view of themselves. Different types of disordered gambling activities may attract different degrees of stigma. One increasingly popular form of gambling involves placing bets on the outcomes of competitive video games, also called eSports gambling.

This activity shares characteristics with Internet gaming and gambling. The purpose of this study was to compare the degree of public stigma held towards traditional casino gamblers, eSports gamblers, and Internet gamers, as compared to an individual experiencing comparable levels of impairment and distress due to a financial crisis.

Using an experimental between-groups vignette study design, we found that all three types of behavioral addictions were more heavily stigmatized than the control condition. The three behavioral addictions were seen as being highly controllable, engendered a significant amount of anger and blame, and resulted in higher levels of desired social distance. Traditional casino gamblers were seen as significantly more dangerous to be around and created a higher level of desired social distance than the Internet gamer.

Differences between the Internet gamer and eSports better were less pronounced. These findings underscore the importance of reducing public stigma for gambling and other behavioral addictions, and provide information that can be used when developing interventions to impact stigma.

The aim of the present study was to explore the role of pathological dissociation in mediating the association between childhood trauma CT and gambling severity. Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, and provides transparent directives of all commercial gambling operators.

If you cannot find licensing information, you can contact their customer service department. Many reputable U. These sites are regulated by governing bodies in the jurisdiction in which they operate. While such licensing provides no guarantee as to the integrity of an online betting site, the absence of such licensing should immediately raise concern.

Choosing betting sites that have been in business for two years or longer is also suggested. Establishing a strong reputable online brand is hard work and takes years, with only the best surviving the long haul. These include football — what some people call soccer — darts, cricket, rugby and tennis. Of course, U. Most of the U. Extensive coverage and promotions are dedicated to major equestrian events including the Grand Nationals, Royal Ascot, Kentucky Derby and other Triple Crown races.

For instance, you could make a three-way bet parlay that involves betting on Man United, Liverpool and Arsenal on one ticket. All sportsbooks are different when it comes to deposit bonuses and loyalty programs. Some books make you use your bonus within 14 days of account creation, whereas others have longer time frames.

Other sportsbooks have special rules for what bettors can use their credits for. For instance, some wagers will exclude bet credit stake, or some of their returns exclude bet credits. Making a deposit at U. Simply visit the Cashier section of the sportsbook and select the deposit method you wish to use. After your shrewd wagering pays off, you will have several options for making a withdrawal. A number of U. You can also place your wagers in person at the betting shop.

Often referred to as off-course wagering, these shops have been legal in the U. Bet shops do not offer the most innovative wagering platforms, although some provide punters with coffee and tea in an atmosphere akin to an American sports bar. Some countries tax bettors on their winnings. Luckily for U. Whether you bet online or at a bricks-and-mortar casino, you do not have to declare your winnings when you file your taxes. Before , winnings were not tax-free.

In , Gordon Brown — remember him? This POI tax is not passed down to punters. The only taxes related to bettors in the U. Your betting experience will be most enjoyable when you choose one of the brands we recommend. Moreover, we recommend creating an account at several sites to test the waters.

This allows you to not only line shop , but determine which site is your favourite. The handicapping, sports odds information contained on this website is for entertainment purposes only. Please confirm the wagering regulations in your jurisdiction as they vary from state to state, province to province and country to country.

Using this information to contravene any law or statute is prohibited. The site is not associated with nor is it endorsed by any professional or collegiate league, association or team. OddsShark does not target an audience under the age of Please visit gambleaware. Google Tag Manager. Oddshark logo linked to Home.

Close Menu. Europe Germany Sweden United Kingdom. Show More Read Full Review. Live betting offered Over games to choose from You can bet on e-Sports. Signup Bonus. Spin Palace Sportsbook Review Using their popular casino as a jumping-off point, Spin Palace created their very own sportsbook to give bettors another chance to win money. Intertops Sportsbook Review With multiple bonuses to choose from, Intertops is your one-stop shop for betting on everything from soccer, football, baseball, tennis, basketball, esports and more.

Visit operator for details. Is Online Gambling Legal in the U. How to Ensure That a U. Betting Site is Legitimate Often the greatest concern facing sports bettors from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is making sure the site they choose is legitimate. What to Look for in a Sportsbook When evaluating any online sportsbook, we examine the criteria listed below.

Type of bets: What kind of wagers are offered? They allow gamblers to play a variety of games, including roulette, bingo and simulated horse and greyhound racing. Tracey Crouch, the former sports minister who pioneered curbs on FOBTs before resigning over a planned delay in their implementation, said it was too convenient for bookmakers to blame the policy.

Tom Blenkinsop, operations director at the betting shop workers union, Community, called on William Hill to do everything it could to minimise redundancies and find alternatives where possible. William Hill said it would do whatever it could to cut jobs through voluntary redundancies and find alternative roles for affected staff.

Topics William Hill. Fixed-odds betting terminals Retail industry Commercial property Job losses Real estate Gambling news. What time do the sports betting strategy for moving lines. Anyway, wherever you are, you're different opening time and bookies shop nearby. Bookies are usually open betting shop law ukm UK betting sitesregister high stret betting shop law ukm stay open greater chance to bash the.

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Choose a market leader with best-in-class platforms built around your needs. We're invested in your success. So take your trading skills to the next levels with our easy-to-use platforms and educational resources. Find out more about our professional account. Inform your decisions with timely dispatches from our large team of global analysts. Stay updated while trading, with in-platform Reuters and Twitter feeds. Prices above are subject to our website terms and conditions.

Prices are indicative only. New client: or newaccounts. Marketing partnerships: marketingpartnership ig. Professional clients can lose more than they deposit. All trading involves risk. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. The information on this site is not directed at residents of the United States, Belgium or any particular country outside the UK and is not intended for distribution to, or use by, any person in any country or jurisdiction where such distribution or use would be contrary to local law or regulation.

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Tax law may differ in a jurisdiction other than the UK. Furthermore, spread betting is generally only permitted in countries that have legalised gambling, such as the UK for example. This means that traders based in the United States where this form of gambling is illegal cannot spread bet.

Forex spread betting works the same as spread betting on the movement of a stock price or an index. Also, when spread betting on currency pairs, a rolling spot quote means the bet does not expire but instead gets rolled over for another session, which may result in a small rollover charge. Accordingly, if the exchange rate rises as anticipated to end up at 1.

Conversely, if the exchange rate falls unexpectedly to end up at 1. For this reason, speculators would typically be better off choosing a broker with tight, competitive dealing spreads. As an example, the two-way quote to spread bet on the FTSE could be 7, The FTSE would have to increase by 1. For example, if it increased by exactly 1. Scalping, which is a viable very short-term trading strategy relies on tight spreads. Because of this reason, scalping is somewhat unsuitable for a spread betting account due to the wider spreads seen versus a zero spread or ECN forex trading account, so finding a spread betting broker for scalping can be challenging.

The margin requirement for a spread bet consists of the amount the spread betting broker requires a speculator to deposit to establish a spread bet, which generally represents a fraction of the value of the underlying asset. Margin requirements for spread betting vary among the different brokers and generally depend on the underlying assets that are traded. However, a trader would need to deposit more than the minimum to avoid margin calls which would close the trade if the price moves against them.

For long-term traders, the interest charge becomes an important factor to take into account. If you take advantage of the leverages offered by a broker, you are borrowing capital for trading from the brokerage firms. Interest is charged on the borrowed funds and can accumulate rapidly.

The interest can either work in your favour or cut into your profits depending on the asset and position taken. For example, IG charge 2. Regulation is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing a spread betting broker. This prevents brokers from withdrawing client funds or using them for operational expenses. While the FCA allows spread betting brokers to advise clients on the most suitable type of spread bet, the regulator prohibits spread betting firms to give clients any financial advice.

This means that brokers cannot recommend trades, when to liquidate them or when to take profits on their trade. Be cautious if a firm is offering this kind of advice as it could be going against the FCA regulatory guidelines. For a speculator to diversify their risk and maximise the number of opportunities from the market conditions they look for to signal a trade setup, the broker must provide spread betting on a wide range of indices, forex currency pairs, equities, commodities and other active markets.

A further consideration when choosing a broker for spread betting consists of the expertise the broker exhibits in executing transactions in each particular market. In general, the more markets a broker offers access to has substantial advantages to a speculator, largely because they only need a single spread betting account instead of many accounts held at different brokers to vary their trading activities among diverse markets.

When spread betting on foreign currency denominated assets, there should be no currency risk when liquidating the position. Dollar exchange rate. Dollars back into Sterling. Customer service in spread betting is an important factor just as it is in other types of trading. The broker should be available at all times. This is important when the trader needs to quickly withdraw from certain positions or if the platform breaks down during trading hours. Some brokers may only offer email or phone support where others like City Index will offer email, phone and live chat support via their website.

Although traders should see what spread betting broker best suits their particular situation and offers the best spreads for their preferred asset classes. The number one UK spread betting broker in terms of experience and overall popularity according to the Invest Trends report is the original spread betting broker — IG Spread Betting. You can compare the features of their award-winning proprietary web-based, mobile and tablet betting platforms here.

City Index also offers several platforms including a downloadable AT Pro platform, Web Trader and mobile trading apps. City Index also provides support for using the popular MetaTrader 4 or MT4 online dealing platform for spread betting, which can be used to run and create Expert Advisors that trade automatically, as well as custom indicators. Each of the aforementioned spread betting brokers has different minimum stakes and daily spreads on the FTSE and Wall Street instruments, as well as offering forex-related spreads, so visit their websites for additional information.

But there are certain precautions you can take. You can check whether the firm is well capitalised and financially sound. Any company can experience trading errors both from dealers and clients. However, the broker should be able to sort out such problems quickly and efficiently. This might give a slight edge over public companies compared to private ones because they are required by law to make their financial accounts public on a regular basis, for example, you can view the annual returns of publicly listed companies like Plus and IG.

Finding the best broker among the many spread betting brokers and platforms available to suit your particular needs is an important step. One should research a number of important factors when selecting a broker, such as spreads, margin requirements, regulatory status, reputation, account types, and tradeable assets. The spread betting companies in the list above accept UK clients, are regulated in the UK and offer a good range of financial products to bet on, click here to see the list.

Here are some areas where AvaTrade scored highly in:. AvaTrade have a AAA trust score. City Index vs. Based on 69 brokers who display this data. Welcome to BrokerNotes. This site uses cookies - here's our cookie policy.

We found 11 broker accounts out of that are suitable for Spread Betting. This is because they have the knowledge needed to predict the future directions of financial markets. With financial spread betting, there are a plethora of different variants. The volatility of these markets means that one can lose a small fortune in the blink of an eye. You can quickly make a profit, but there is also a high risk of losing money rapidly due to the fact that you can lose more than your initial stake.

In sports spread betting, punters bet on whether the outcome will be below Sell or above Buy the spread. The betting company has offered the spread of 2. This would mean that on average, the betting operator believes that there will be around three goals in the game.

A fairly recent and novel way to bet on sports and football and once you get your head around it can be one of the most profitable. It is based on the principle of the stock market where you buy and sell events based on an opening and closing price. As a customer, you can enter the market by buying or selling at a price set by the bookie. If they win, the market closes at so you win If they lose in the semi-finals the market closes at 75 so you win If they lose in the quarter-finals the market closes at 50 so you lose 0.

If they lose in the bottom 16, the market closes at 25 so you lose You can see it is a good way to hedge bets and not be an outright loser. If Brazil is playing badly early on in the tournament the price will go down. Therefore, if you still think they can win, you can buy more and average down or cut your losses early.

The best thing about sports spread betting is the flexibility of being able to get out early and win big. If they play badly to start off with and the price drops to 30 you can buy your bet back at 30 for a profit of They are all really exciting so they are well worth a look. One thing to bear in mind is that if you call a market wrong you can lose more than your initial bet and end up owing them so be sure to bet with only what you can afford to lose.

As in fixed odds betting, spread sports betting features a variety of markets punters can bet on. With this market, the punter must predict the period of the match in which the first goal will be scored. The betting operator may set a spread of , which would mean that it believes the first goal will be scored in the first half.

A supremacy bet is where the betting operator predicts how dominant one team will be over another. The bookies set a spread based on how many goals A team will beat team B. If you believe that Chelsea will crush Everton, you can buy them at 0.

If the final result is in favour of Chelsea, their supremacy is six goals. In that case, the supremacy actual result was 5. Total corners is an interesting betting market because it requires a slightly different approach and knowledge.

If the betting operators expect a dynamic match, the spread might be set at around Now, if you believe that this is a bit too much, you can sell at But as we mentioned before, spread bets come with a high risk of losing big. This is a unique sport spread betting market. It takes a lot of luck and research to have any success with it. At the end of the match, the shirt numbers of all the goal scorers are added together. So if you are betting on a football team to win, you actually win more, the more the team wins by.

Sports spread betting is an exciting and established way of betting on sports. Compared to traditional fixed odds and exchange betting providers it can be fast, more profitable and much more fun. However, it may seem daunting as a new form of betting as it is not as popular as traditional fixed odds bookies.

It works by betting a stake based on points of an outcome. If you think it will be a high scoring match and that more than three goals will be scored and the booking is quoting 1 to 2 they think that between one and two goals will be scored you would buy goals at two at a certain amount per point.

The most notable differences between sports spread betting and traditional betting are as follows:. Sports spread betting tips are no different than any other tips, but there are some specialist services that can provide statistical analysis that is worth a look at.

So if their tips were any good they would put themselves out of business. They provide statistical analysis on all football which is a great market for sports spread betting. Sports spread betting strategies are a little different from financial spread betting strategies. Because even though the mechanics of sports spread betting are similar, the underlying markets are very different. Sure you can have a sports spread betting strategy where you run an algorithm through social media and trade the sentiment generated on the outcome of a football match or political event sports spread betting is particularly good for politics.

But in reality, the spread is far too wide to be profitable like trading the financial markets. Instead, a good sports spread betting strategy should revolve around understanding the market, reducing your exposure, and increasing profits when you are right.

Here are a few spread betting tips that could help you maximize your chances of winning money in the long run. As sports spread betting is fairly small in the global scheme of betting. Sports spread betting bookies are keen to offer free welcome bets for new customers to try out the type of gambling. Spreadex tends to offer things like iPads, where are Sporting Index will offer some no deposit funds to risk on bets. Keep an eye on our comparison tables for the most up to date sports spread betting free bets.

The max return you can make sports spread betting is in theory unlimited. In practice, however, profits are limited by the event taking place. But the key is that the more right you are the more you make. There are only two and both are brilliant. As such they are used to providing a high level of customer service and are constantly innovating their offers. Unlike traditional sports betting spread betting bookies are prepared to offer their customers credit.

This is in part due to the fact that most spread betting bookies have a good and personal relationship with their customers but also because the outcomes are so variable. You can sport spread bet on pretty much anything nowadays. Horse racing and football remain the major markets and offer some really great odds and bets that are not possible with traditional fixed odds betting.

For example, you can bet on the minute of the first corner in a football. Cricket spread betting is also quite popular among UK punters, as well as golf spread betting, and basketball spread betting. As with betting exchanges, it is possible to make money when teams or horses lose.

Instead of buying something like a horse to win or a team to score goals, you can sell it. This is one of the most popular forms of spread betting as punters can use it to hedge bets, but also to act as though they are a bookie themselves. You could either lay a bet on an exchange or sell it as a sports spread bet. Sports spread betting is a fast-moving market with live odds throughout races and matches.

You can enter and exit bets in play if you have a nice profit. Alternatively, you can protect yourself by closing out early if it looks like your bet is going to be a loser.

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